The planet Jupiter is the largest planet in the Solar System, is named after the Roman god Jupiter and is the fifth planet from the Sun (Mercury Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter..).
It is one of the brightest objects visible to the naked eye in the night sky.
Viewed from Earth, its light (reflected from the sun) can be bright enough to cast shadows. On average, it is the third-brightest natural object in the night sky after the Moon and Venus.
Jupiter is a gas giant and weighs two-and-a-half times all the other planets in the Solar System combined. Its mass is a thousandth that of the Sun.
Although diamonds on Earth are rare, extraterrestrial diamonds (diamonds formed outside of Earth) are very common. Diamonds not much larger than molecules are abundant in meteorites and some of them formed in stars before the Solar System existed. High pressure experiments suggest large amounts of diamonds are formed from methane on the ice giant planets Uranus and Neptune, while some planets in other solar systems may be almost pure diamond. Diamonds are also found in stars and may have been the first mineral ever to have formed.
Rainfalls of extraterrestrial diamonds have been suggested to occur on Jupiter, as well as on Saturn and the ice giants Uranus and Neptune, due to the high pressure and atmospheric make up.
It used to be thought that the rainforests produced a lot of the Earth’s oxygen but this view has now changed.
Rainforests are forests characterized by high and continuous rainfall, with annual rainfall in the case of tropical rainforests between 2.5 and 4.5 metres (98 and 177 in), and definitions varying by region for temperate rainforests. The monsoon trough, alternatively known as the intertropical convergence zone, plays a significant role in creating the climatic conditions necessary for the Earth’s tropical rainforests: which are distinct from monsoonal areas of seasonal tropical forest.
Estimates vary from 40% to 75% of all biotic species are indigenous to the rainforests. There may be many millions of species of plants, insects and microorganisms still undiscovered in tropical rainforests. Tropical rainforests have been called the “jewels of the Earth” and the “world’s largest pharmacy”, because over one quarter of natural medicines have been discovered there. Rainforests are also responsible for 28% of the world’s oxygen turnover, sometimes misnamed oxygen production, processing it through photosynthesis from carbon dioxide and consuming it through respiration.
The undergrowth in some areas of a rainforest can be restricted by poor penetration of sunlight to ground level. If the leaf canopy is destroyed or thinned, the ground beneath is soon colonized by a dense, tangled growth of vines, shrubs and small trees, called a jungle. The term jungle is also sometimes applied to tropical rainforests generally.
Rainforests as well as endemic rainforest species are rapidly disappearing due to deforestation, the resulting habitat loss and pollution of the atmosphere.
Curated from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rainforest